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Cancer – Prevention

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 188 views

There are no measures that offer 100 percent protection against cancer. With a healthy, balanced diet, regular exercise and avoiding nicotine and alcohol, you can significantly reduce your personal cancer risk. You can find out more about these and other measures to prevent cancer here!

There are a number of tips that can reduce your risk of developing cancer. The most important are:

» Give up nicotine! Quit smoking or don’t even start. If you don’t want to do without smoking, then at least don’t do it in the presence of non-smokers, otherwise their risk of cancer also increases.

» Avoid being overweight ! Excess kilos affect health in many ways. Being very overweight, i.e. obese ( obesity ), is particularly dangerous. Among other things, it increases the risk of colon , breast , uterine , kidney and esophagus cancer .

» Make sure you get plenty of exercise! People who are physically active on a regular basis are less likely to develop bowel cancer than people who are not physically active. Exercise and sport can also reduce the risk of some other types of cancer, such as breast and uterine cancer. In addition, experts suspect that physical activity can also have a positive effect on the risk of other types of cancer – if only because active people are less likely to be overweight and thus indirectly reduce their risk of cancer with regular exercise.

» Eat healthy! Certain foods reduce the risk of cancer, including high-fiber grains (whole grains) and fruits and vegetables. The German Society for Nutrition generally recommends eating at least five portions of fruit and vegetables every day. Make sure you have variety – the different types of fruit and vegetables provide different ingredients that are good for your health. On the other hand, you should not eat red meat and meat products such as sausage or ham too often because they may increase the risk of cancer. By not eating too many fries, cakes, biscuits, etc., you also avoid carcinogenic substances that are produced during their preparation (such as acrylamide).

» Don’t drink too much alcohol! The consumption of beer, wine & co. has been shown to increase the risk of malignant tumors in the mouth and throat , larynx , esophagus , intestines , liver and breasts and probably also the risk of stomach cancer. It would be best to avoid alcohol-based drinks altogether. If you don’t want that, you should at least keep your alcohol consumption as low as possible (e.g. a maximum of about half a liter of beer or a quarter of a liter of wine for men and no more than about a quarter of a liter of beer or a eighth of a liter of wine for women).

» Avoid intensive UV radiation! Both the natural UV light of the sun and the artificial UV light in solariums (tanning studios) promote the development of skin cancer . Children and young people in particular should be protected from too much radiation.

» Beware of cancer risks in the workplace! The development of cancer is promoted, for example, by dealing with carcinogenic substances (such as formaldehyde). You should therefore comply with the relevant safety regulations.

» Take advantage of vaccination offers that contribute to cancer prevention! An example is vaccination against hepatitis B – the inflammation of the liver can lead to liver cancer in chronic cases . In addition, in Germany, girls and boys between the ages of 9 and 14 are recommended to be vaccinated against HPV . HPV (human papilloma viruses) can trigger the formation of tumors and their precursors in both sexes (especially cervical cancer in girls ).

Get checked regularly

If you heed the above tips, you reduce factors that promote the development of cancer. But you can do even more: Go regularly for cancer screening tests such as mammography (early detection of breast cancer ), PAP test (early detection of cervical cancer ) and colonoscopy (early detection of colorectal cancer). They increase the chance of early detection of any cancer tumours. And the earlier a malignant tumor is recognized and treated, the better the chances of recovery!

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