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Corona: Answers for the time after the vaccination

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 337 views

After the vaccination, most people are initially relieved. But there are still a few things to consider: When can you feel safe, does the vaccination also protect those around you and what do you do if you have lost your vaccination certificates? You can find out everything you need to know about the time after a vaccination here.

When does the vaccination start working?

In order for the vaccines currently approved in Germany to be able to fully develop their protective effect, two injections are usually necessary. An exception here is the vaccine from the manufacturer Janssen (Johnson & Johnson): A single vaccination dose is sufficient for full vaccination protection.

For the two mRNA vaccines available in Germany from BioNTech/Pfizer and Moderna, experts envisage an optimal interval of four weeks after the first vaccination.

With the AstraZeneca preparation, the best possible protection is achieved with a vaccination interval of three months. Although the second vaccination dose can in principle be brought forward, experts point out that the protective effect decreases significantly if the second dose is premature.

According to the updated STIKO recommendation, people under the age of 60 who have received their first AstraZeneca vaccination should alternatively receive an mRNA vaccine instead of a second VaxZevria dose. You can find more information about this here .

How well does the vaccination protect me?

None of the available vaccines offer complete protection. So please continue to be cautious and responsible. Yes, according to the current state of knowledge, all four coronavirus vaccines protect against severe and fatal Covid 19 courses.

According to current studies, the vaccines from BioNTech/Pfizer and Moderna also reduce the risk of mild and moderate courses by 95 and 94 percent, respectively, the AstraZeneca vaccine by around 60 percent and the Johnson & Johnson preparation by an average of 66 percent .

Whether a person falls ill again depends largely on their state of health, age, physical fitness, the specific variant of the pathogen and the amount of pathogens exposed.

Can I still infect other people despite vaccination?

If you become infected with the coronavirus again, you can probably become contagious again yourself. According to the current status, however, no conclusive statement can be made about possible sterile immunity after vaccination or after the infection has been overcome.

Especially with a view to the increasing spread of new corona virus strains, secondary infections or further transmission of the pathogen are conceivable despite vaccination. However, initial findings make the researchers confident that the risk of infecting others after the vaccination decreases significantly.

Do I still have to wear a mask?

Yes. The proven hygiene rules continue to apply to people who have already been vaccinated.

In addition to your own safety, it is above all a question of fairness: until everyone in Germany has received a vaccination offer, you should respect the obligation to wear masks. For your protection and the protection of others.

Whether a vaccination has been carried out – or if you have survived Covid-19 disease – entitles you to visit a fitness studio, restaurant or cultural events is currently under discussion in Germany. Uniform regulations are still pending.

How do I prove my vaccination protection?

In some cases it may be necessary for you to present proof of vaccination that documents your vaccination status.

This is usually the yellow vaccination card that documents the date and the coronavirus vaccine administered. However, a vaccination certificate issued by the relevant vaccination center is also recognized as proof.

Note: At least 14 days must have passed since the last required individual vaccination.

Further information on the subject of vaccination certificates can be found here .

How do I prove my recovery from Covid disease?

People who have been shown to have survived a corona infection are partially immune to the Sars-CoV-2 pathogen. They are usually considered “officially” recovered if a corresponding positive PCR test was at least 28 days ago and no longer than six months old.

There are no uniform rules yet

However, there are still no nationwide regulations on which special certificates are to be submitted if required. In any case, the evidence should be meaningful:

  • PCR result from a certified diagnostic laboratory
  • Quarantine notice from a health authority
  • Medical certificate confirming test type, test date and findings

What do I do if I lost my proof?

If you have lost the proof that certifies that you have survived a Covid-19 infection, please contact the office (test center, family doctor, etc.) or laboratory that carried out your test.

The findings are stored there and can be issued again on request. However, it is likely that a corresponding processing fee will then apply.

What do I do if I notice Covid-19 symptoms again?

To be on the safe side, you should do a rapid corona test in this case. Because even vaccinated people can become infected under certain circumstances – and then pass on the virus.

Further detailed information on the Corona self-test can be found here .

What should I do if I think I’m experiencing side effects after a vaccination?

Reactions to the vaccine are normal. These typical vaccination reactions include fever, exhaustion or pain at the injection site. They show that your immune system responds to the vaccination.

However, in rare cases, other or more serious symptoms could occur shortly after the vaccination. If you are unsure, talk to your doctor about it. He also passes the information on to the Paul Ehrlich Institute. The PEI collects and evaluates all reports of side effects. With the help of updated safety reports, every citizen can look up which side effects have already been reported.

If you suspect side effects, you can also report them yourself using the following link .

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