Diagnostics: examinations at a glance

Diagnostics from A to Z

Blood test

When it comes to blood work, most of us are familiar with the standard panel, which includes cholesterol, glucose, liver function tests, and kidney values. While these tests help diagnose certain illnesses and conditions, traditional blood work often misses specific indicators of disease. For example, doctors often don’t test for hormones like testosterone, linked to several health conditions.

During the blood test, the components of the blood, as well as the number and composition of its solid components, are analyzed. Read more about it!
Anamnesis is an important part of the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Please read here about the types of anamnesis and how they work.

Are you experiencing vaginal bleeding or other problems? Many women prefer to see a gynecologist or OBGYN if they suspect something is wrong with their body. A gynecologist can perform a cystoscopy, a procedure used to diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases of the female genital tract. During a cystoscopy, a gynecologist inserts a small, thin, flexible tube with a light on the end into the vagina. The gynecologist may then perform various procedures, including the use of a small suction device to remove a sample of fluid from the vagina, take a biopsy, or insert a tube into the opening of the uterus.

During cystoscopy, the bladder is examined using a special endoscopic instrument, the cystoscope. Read more about it!

Diagnostics: Definition

Diagnostics include examinations by a doctor, psychologist, naturopath, or another therapist to diagnose an illness.

The diagnosis often begins with a so-called anamnesis – the practitioner systematically asks the patient about their complaints (symptoms), for example, when they occur. Information on previous illnesses or illnesses within the family also provides valuable information for making the diagnosis.

The diagnostician uses his senses for the physical diagnosis. For example, he looks at his patient, feels him, or uses a stethoscope to assess noises inside the body.

The third group of diagnostic methods is called instrument-based because more complex tools are required for them. This includes imaging procedures such as X-ray examinations or ultrasound and laboratory diagnostics, for example, blood tests.

Ultrasound is a group of techniques that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images. The sound waves can pass through skin, bone, and other tissues, without damaging any of those structures. Ultrasound scans aren’t just for pregnant women; they can be used to diagnose various conditions, including appendicitis, kidney stones, liver disease, and thyroid disorders.

The doctor can examine various body regions and organs with an ultrasound test. Read all about the function and significance of the method!

Hearing loss can be hard to understand, but understanding hearing loss is the first step toward lessening its effects. Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, occurs when there’s an inability to hear sounds properly. It can be caused by many factors, including hereditary factors, illness, and injury. While hearing can be lost gradually, it can also happen suddenly due to exposure to loud sounds.

In a hearing test, the function of the hearing is checked using various examination methods. Find out all about it here!

A neurological examination is a check-up of the nervous system. It can be conducted to diagnose neurological or psychiatric problems. A neurological exam can help identify diseases, injuries, and disorders of the peripheral nervous system, central nervous system, and neuromuscular junction. Neurologists and other doctors perform neurological exams to diagnose and rule out neurological disorders. Neurological exams often involve sensory, muscle strength, coordination, memory, and reflex tests. Read all about it!