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Movement Therapy: Methods & Application

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 440 views

All measures of physical therapy that work with movement are summarized under the generic term movement therapy. The two most important therapeutic methods of movement therapy are physiotherapy and manual therapy. Here you can read everything you need to know about exercise therapy, the two central treatment methods and the diverse areas of application. You will also find out when exercise therapy methods are not suitable.

What is exercise therapy?

Exercise therapy is a form of physical therapy that uses exercise to treat ailments. It is one of the most important applications in the physiotherapeutic field and serves a wide range of applications – from cardiovascular diseases to injuries or functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system to respiratory and metabolic diseases.

Exercise therapy applications can also be helpful as an accompanying measure for serious illnesses such as cancer or psychological complaints such as depression.

Concentrated movement therapy

Although the name suggests it, this treatment method is not part of physical movement therapy. Rather, it is a special method of psychotherapy that actively involves the body in the psychotherapeutic treatment with the help of trained, intensive perception and movement.

physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is at the heart of physiotherapy . Physiotherapy can be done actively by the patient himself or passively by the physiotherapist. The focus is on mobilizing and stabilizing movement exercises, which can be carried out with or without equipment support, on the mat or in the exercise pool. Physiotherapy can be prescribed as individual or group therapy.

When is physiotherapy used?

Physiotherapy works in many ways because it:

  • activates and strengthens weak muscles
  • stretches muscles, tendons, joint capsules, skin and scars
  • improves posture and relieves the muscles
  • teaches and trains coordination
  • increases blood flow
  • stimulates respiration , metabolism and cardiovascular system

The range of applications for physiotherapy is correspondingly wide, including, for example:

  • Malfunctions, diseases, injuries and functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system, internal organs and nerves
  • Prevention and treatment of joint stiffness (contractures)
  • Regulation of muscle tension
  • Functional improvement in muscle insufficiencies and imbalances
  • Diseases of the respiratory tract and organs such as cystic fibrosis

How is physiotherapy applied?

There are various forms of application of physiotherapy, which are selected to suit the individual symptoms of those affected. One distinguishes:

  • Simple physiotherapy: This includes general physiotherapy, physiotherapy in the exercise pool and physiotherapy for the treatment of severe respiratory diseases such as cystic fibrosis.
  • Device-assisted physiotherapy: Treatment of chronic spinal disorders, postoperative and post-traumatic interventions using medical training equipment
  • Physiotherapy for children (KG-CNS children): for the treatment of central movement disorders up to the age of 18
  • KG-ZNS: for the treatment of central movement disorders after the age of 18

When is physiotherapy not suitable?

In some cases, physiotherapy should not be used, for example:

  • Fresh broken bones
  • febrile infections
  • Traumatic spinal cord injuries
  • tumors of the skull base

You can read more about physiotherapy in the article Physiotherapy.

Manual therapy

This treatment method uses special hand movements and techniques to mobilize muscles and/or joints and thus increase the mobility of the affected person and relieve pain. The focus is on stretching and stretching the affected muscles or joints.

When is manual therapy used?

The most important areas of application include:

How is manual therapy used?

The therapist uses certain grip techniques or mobilizes as part of an extension therapy, a special form of movement therapy, for example using a sling table.

For more information on manual therapy, see the manual therapy article .

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