First aid for Babies and Children

Many first aid measures work differently for babies and toddlers than for adults. Here you can find out how chest compressions, ventilation, and other life-saving measures are carried out correctly in children.

Common Emergencies in babies and children

Swallowed objects, foreign objects in the nose and ears and eye injuries: Here you can find out more about the most common emergencies affecting babies and toddlers.

Foreign bodies in the kids ear

Ear Canal Foreign Bodies: This can happen to kids and adults. In kids, the ear canal is more narrow and restricted, whereas, in adults, the ear canal is more open. This makes it easier for adults to get foreign bodies in their ears, whereas kids get foreign bodies in their ears more easily.

Read what you can do if you have a foreign body in your ear and when it is advisable to see a doctor!

Swallowing is easily accomplished, but it can have severe consequences if it goes wrong. A problem swallowing food, liquids, or air can have severe consequences and should be treated immediately. You can take some simple first aid steps at home, but if in doubt, contact a medical practitioner. Swallowing is a complex action involving muscles, bones, the oral cavity, the pharynx, and the oropharynx.

If someone swallows a foreign object and finds it difficult to breathe, you have to act quickly! Read more about first aid for swallowing!

A foreign body in the nose isn’t just an annoyance. It can get rather painful and cause other symptoms like nasal discharge, sneezing, a stuffy nose, headaches, ear pain, dizziness, and nausea. (The sinuses are part of the body’s respiratory system and can become infected when the nose becomes blocked.) If you’ve been experiencing any of these symptoms, you can take steps to remove the foreign body safely before seeking medical advice.

Small children like to stick a foreign object up their nose out of curiosity. Read here what you can do and when a doctor’s visit is necessary.

Vomiting is most common in babies and toddlers. Most babies and toddlers vomit once or twice a day, sometimes more, and it is often not harmful. In this article, we answer common questions about vomiting, including why babies and toddlers vomit, the symptoms and signs of a vomiting episode, and what to do if your baby or toddler vomits.

Read here how you can help your child and when it is advisable to see a doctor!

First aid measures for babies and children from A to Z

If your child has been injured or suddenly becomes unconscious, your first instinct may be to rush them to the hospital. While hospital emergency rooms are where the specialists are trained to deal with serious medical emergencies, home health staff can perform some life-saving care, too. These professionals are trained and equipped to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and other first-aid procedures.

Resuscitation works differently in children than in adults. Read how to resuscitate a child with pressure massage and ventilation.

The Esmarch maneuver is a life-saving procedure for infants with respiratory issues. The maneuver uses a combination of chest compressions, pulse oximetry, and tracheal intubation to reverse airway closure, which is the most common cause of morbidities and mortality in infants. However, this procedure is only used in newborns and infants. You may not know that the Esmarch maneuver can be used on older children. The Esmarch maneuver in children requires the same steps as the procedure performed on infants, including compressions, pulse oximetry, and tracheal intubation. However, instead of compressing the infant’s chest, the child’s chest is compressed by an adult.

The Esmarch maneuver is used to open the airway of an unconscious person. It works differently in children than in adults. Read how!
The stable lateral position is intended to ensure that the airways remain free in the event of unconsciousness. You can read how it is carried out in children here.

Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation (or mouth-to-mouth breathing) is an emergency procedure to revive someone unconscious and not breathing normally. It is an emergency procedure performed in an emergency—usually in cardiovascular or respiratory emergencies—and is not a long-term treatment.

Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is needed when a child is not breathing. Read here how to properly ventilate a baby or child.

Further measures

Adults often take for granted their ability to heal themselves in an emergency. But it’s helpful to know basic first aid skills when it comes to injuries, illnesses, and other emergencies. Learning more about first aid and CPR isn’t just good common sense. It could help save a life.
Other first aid measures are applied equally to children and adults. Read more about the life-saving handles here.