Home Hair Care Hair breakage: causes and treatment

Hair breakage: causes and treatment

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 395 views

Incorrect care, illnesses or hormonal changes: there are various causes that lead to hair breakage. Read more about the different triggers and what you can do about brittle hair here.

That’s why hair breaks off!

Full and shiny hair stands for vitality and beauty. About 20 percent of people in Germany have problems with their hair. If they are dry and break off, the outer dandruff layer (cuticle) of the hair is damaged. There are external and internal factors that lead to this. We introduce them.

causes from within

Diseases, a lack of nutrients and hormonal changes are typical internal causes that cause hair breakage.


If your hair is dull and brittle, it can sometimes be caused by an illness. For example, both an underactive and an overactive thyroid have a negative impact on hair growth . A severe flu infection, chronic intestinal diseases or previous chemotherapy also lead to brittle hair.


If our body is sufficiently supplied with minerals, trace elements, vitamins and amino acids, this is reflected in a robust hair structure. If we suffer from a deficiency, our hair becomes brittle. Even those who struggle with an eating disorder often have brittle and brittle hair.

Among other things, a severe iron deficiency causes our hair to become thinner and drier. Typical symptoms that indicate iron deficiency include dizziness, headaches and difficulty concentrating.

In addition to iron, the following nutrients are particularly important for our hair:

  • Vitamin H
  • Eisen
  • calcium
  • protein
  • Vitamin B


Certain medicines affect the vitamin status in our body and have a corresponding effect on the condition of our hair. These include above all

  • Antibiotics
  • Antiepileptic drugs
  • Antidiabetes

Those who feel negative effects on their hair but have to take the medication for a longer period of time speak best. with his doctor about it.


Menopause brings many changes. If estrogen production decreases, the hormonal balance shifts. The male hormone testosterone decreases. body of women too.

Since most people are hypersensitive to the testosterone breakdown product dihydrotestosterone, their hair also suffers. Dihydrotestosterone damages the hair root and inhibits hair growth. The result: the hair on the head thins. In addition, they become thinner and brittle. This makes them easier to break off.

If women are pregnant or breastfeeding, this also brings with it hormonal changes. Especially when breastfeeding, many mothers suffer from hair loss and brittle hair.

stress and physical strain

Those who are stressed or working hard physically need a particularly large number of nutrients. If the body does not get enough of it, it saves it where it is not essential. This affects the hair structure and causes the hair to break off more easily.

external causes

But not only internal causes are responsible for our hair becoming brittle. External factors also strain the hair so much that it breaks off.

Improper care and friction

Unsuitable care and cleaning products damage our hair. These include, for example, shampoos with a positive pH value. They make the hair brittle due to their high acid content. If you towel dry your wet hair after washing, don’t rub too hard.

Don’t brush your hair too wildly and too often. Otherwise, the mechanical friction strains the hair. Hairstyles that put tension on the hair roots also lead to brittle hair – this includes tight braids. Backcombing is also pure stress for the hair. If you rarely go to the hairdresser, you also risk split ends at the bottom end of your hair pulling up and causing breakage.

Chemical influences

Frequently tinting or coloring our hair puts a lot of strain on it. This is especially true for bleaching, which removes a lot of moisture from the hair. The result: the hair becomes porous and straw-like. They break off more easily.

perm also damages our hair and dries it out. Anyone who bathes frequently in chlorine or salt water also risks breaking their hair. It loses moisture as a result.


Regularly blow-drying your hair at a high temperature makes it more prone to breakage. Straightening irons and curling irons also strain the hair. Anyone who spends a lot of time in the direct sun in summer increases the harmful effect.

How to stop hair breakage

To prevent your hair from breaking off, you have a number of options – depending on what is causing it.

proper care

  • Make sure your hair styling and cleaning products don’t contain too many chemicals. Mild, moisturizing shampoos are best. Products that contain vitamin H are also ideal.
  • Don’t wash your hair every day. This deprives them of unnecessary moisture. If you have bleached or dyed your hair, you should definitely think about a rich care with conditioners. An intensive treatment once a week is also advisable. After washing, gently wrap a towel around wet hair – like a turban, for example.
  • Avoid hot blow-drying, straightening irons and curling irons. If you have enough time, let the hair air dry. Brush your hair carefully, but not more often than necessary. Only use wooden combs or brushes for this. Do not use wire brushes. They damage the hair structure.
  • Also avoid tight hairstyles and backcombing. If you suffer from split ends, it is important to give the ends extra care – with suitable hair care products or olive oil .

Balanced nutrition

If a nutrient deficiency is to blame for your hair becoming brittle, make sure you eat a balanced diet and adjust your diet accordingly. Iron, which is important for our body, is contained in the following foods, for example:

  • meat
  • Grain
  • vegetables
  • legumes

In principle, we process iron from animal foods better. Therefore, vegetarians and vegans are considered risk groups for iron deficiency. Competitive athletes, pregnant and breastfeeding women also have an increased iron requirement.

Vitamin H is important for building keratin – the main component of hair. It helps hair grow thicker. Among other things, it is in

  • beef liver
  • egg yolk
  • nuts
  • mushrooms

If you suspect you may be deficient in a vitamin or mineral, it is best to consult a doctor to find out exactly what is causing it. Do not take dietary supplements on suspicion .

Balanced lifestyle

It is not always easy to take stress out of everyday life. But try to create small islands of downtime. Yoga can help, as can mindfulness techniques.

Home remedies for brittle hair

Various gentle means moisturize your hair and thereby strengthen it.

Hair treatment with honey

A cure for damaged hair can be made from egg yolk and almond oil . It also contains rosemary and lavender oil to help soothe the scalp. You need for such a cure:

  • 2 EL Honig
  • 1 tbsp almond oil
  • 1 egg yolk
  • 3 drops of rosemary essential oil
  • 3 drops of lavender essential oil

Beat the honey, almond oil and egg yolk. Add the lavender and rosemary oil. Wet the hair with warm water and massage the treatment into the hair. Put a plastic cap over it and let the treatment sit for 30 minutes. After that, rinse off the mix with warm water and wash your hair with shampoo.

Beer wash

A beer wash serves to strengthen the hair. Use a 0.2 liter glass full of beer for this. First, rinse your hair with warm water, then massage the first half of the beer into your scalp. Let the barley juice work for 15 minutes. Then rinse the hair again with warm water.

This is how a hair is built!

A hair is a strand of horn, mostly made up of keratin – a very stable protein compound. It is formed in the hair root. It extends into the subcutaneous tissue. It is surrounded by skin and connective tissue , the hair follicle.

The hair root absorbs all the important nutrients that are important for the structure and growth of the hair via the hair follicle. The hair follicle is also home to the sebaceous gland, which lubricates the hair and protects it from drying out.

The hair shaft is visible. Behind it is the part of the hair that protrudes from the skin . The visible hair consists of three layers: an outer layer of scales (cuticula), a fibrous layer (cortex), which forms the basic substance of the hair, and the marrow (medulla).

The fibrous layer, also known as the hair bark, makes up the main component of the hair. It determines the elasticity and tear resistance of the hair. The scales are layered one on top of the other – in healthy hair, the small plates nestle closely to the hair shaft and make the hair shine. When the scales open, the hair looks dull and becomes porous and brittle

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