Home Hair Care What helps against hair loss?

What helps against hair loss?

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 349 views

Beautiful and healthy hair is a beauty ideal. Hair loss is therefore often very stressful for those affected. What really helps with hair loss? Whether medication, home remedies or lifestyle: Not every remedy helps against every type of hair loss. Find out here what you can do to prevent hair loss. Read the best tips against hair loss!

Hair loss is therefore unpleasant for many of those affected and often even puts a strain on the psyche . Shampoos, tinctures and medicines promise improvement – but sometimes without success. What really helps against hair loss? Find out in this article!

Hair loss medication

In order to be able to treat hair loss, it is important to know the cause of the hair loss. The most common types of hair loss are:

  • Hormonal-hereditary hair loss (alopecia androgenetica)
  • Circular hair loss (alopecia areata)
  • Diffuse hair loss

Treatment differs depending on the cause present. If you don’t know what form you have, see a doctor. The right contact person is either the general practitioner or the dermatologist.

Hereditary hair loss: what helps?

What to do about hereditary hair loss? Various medications can help you with hereditary hair loss. In this case, the hair follicles are particularly small and react overly sensitively to certain breakdown products of the male sex hormone testosterone. As a result, the hair falls out more often. Three medications counteract this form of hair loss:

  • Finasteride
  • Minoxidil
  • Antiandrogene

Help with hair loss: finasteride

Finasteride is an enzyme, more specifically a so-called 5-alpha reductase inhibitor. It blocks an enzyme that normally activates the male sex hormone testosterone. Finasteride was originally used to treat benign prostate enlargement. After taking the doctors observed that the patients hair growth improved.

A 1 milligram tablet a day stops progressive hair loss in many cases. In some patients, the scalp hair even thickens again when taking finasteride. A prerequisite for the effectiveness of finasteride is that the hair loss is still in the early stages.

The effect of the drug occurs after about three to six months of treatment. The big disadvantage: Those who stop taking finasteride often have to struggle with hair loss again. Finasteride is not suitable for women. In addition, in some cases, undesirable side effects occur when taking it.

Minoxidil works against hair loss

Minoxidil is originally an antihypertensive drug. Applied externally, it is used to treat genetic hair loss in both men and women. Minoxidil dilates the vessels and thereby improves hair growth. However, the exact mechanism of action is not yet known.

The agent is available as a hair tonic or hair foam without a prescription in the pharmacy. Apply the solution to the affected areas of the scalp twice a day according to the instructions in the package insert. You should then wait at least four hours before washing your hair with water again.

In order for the hair loss remedy to work, you must use it regularly for several weeks. Men and women need different dosages of minoxidil. The hair tonic for men contains 50 milligrams of minoxidil per milliliter, while that for women only contains 20 milligrams per milliliter.

Using a hair tonic containing minoxidil is not recommended if you are using other medications on the scalp at the same time. You should also not use the product during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If you have a cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure , the use of minoxidil is only recommended after consulting a doctor. The same applies if you are taking antihypertensive medication.

Minoxidil also causes side effects in some cases.

Antiandrogens against hair loss

Antiandrogens are also particularly suitable for women. They inhibit the action of testosterone. They block the docking sites of testosterone so that fewer breakdown products of the male sex hormone are produced.

Antiandrogens are a drug that can only be used in women with hereditary hair loss. In men, the drugs may lead to feminization and stimulate breast growth (gynecomastia).

You can read more about the use of antiandrogens against hair loss in women in the article “ Hair loss in women ”.

Circular hair loss: what to do?

What to do with circular hair loss? If circular hair loss occurs for the first time, immediate treatment is not always necessary. In some cases, the hair will grow back and the problem will resolve itself. Visit your doctor if the bald spots persist and do not go away after several weeks.

There is still no way to effectively treat the cause of circular hair loss. But even with this form of hair loss, some therapeutic approaches at least stop the progression of hair loss.

Circular hair loss: treatment with cortisone

The most common remedy for circular hair loss is the artificial hormone cortisone. It is one of the so-called glucocorticoids. Cortisone is used, for example, for severe skin rashes. Because it suppresses allergic and immunological reactions of the body. It is precisely these processes that are considered to be the possible cause of circular hair loss.

The cortisone is often applied as an ointment or cream directly to the affected area on the head. In severe cases, the doctor prescribes cortisone tablets. It is important that you follow the doctor’s instructions exactly and never take cortisone longer than prescribed. There is a risk that the hair will grow back during therapy, but that hair loss will occur again when you stop taking the medication.

Inducing skin irritation with dithranol

The most common remedy for circular hair loss is the artificial hormone cortisone. It is one of the so-called glucocorticoids. Cortisone is used, for example, for severe skin rashes. Because it suppresses allergic and immunological reactions of the body. It is precisely these processes that are considered to be the possible cause of circular hair loss.

The cortisone is often applied as an ointment or cream directly to the affected area on the head. In severe cases, the doctor prescribes cortisone tablets. It is important that you follow the doctor’s instructions exactly and never take cortisone longer than prescribed. There is a risk that the hair will grow back during therapy, but that hair loss will occur again when you stop taking the medication.

Topical immunotherapy for hair loss

Topical immunotherapy with diphenylcyclopropenone (DCP) or squaric acid dibutyl ester (SADBE; squaric acid dibutyl ester) works in the same way. These are contact allergens that provoke an immune system reaction on the scalp. This stimulates the scalp and promotes hair growth. If the treatment has triggered eczema, the hair will sprout within a month to six months.

Topical immunotherapy shows good results in many patients in clinical studies. However, it can be assumed that the successes will only be achieved during the therapy. If you stop using it, a relapse is likely to occur and the hair will fall out again.

Light therapy for hair loss (PUVA treatment)

What else helps against hair loss? The so-called PUVA treatment is another way to combat the bald spots on the head. This is a special light therapy. A phototoxic substance called psoralen is applied to the affected area. The doctor then irradiates the areas with UV-A light.

The procedure sensitizes the skin , an inflammatory reaction develops. This is intentional. The artificially caused inflammation stops the destructive processes of the immune system at the hair roots. They recover and new hair grows.

The prospects of success are similar to those of topical immunotherapy. With PUVA, too, the risk of recurrence is high once treatment is stopped.

Treatment with a 308 nm excimer laser is also recommended for patchy hair loss. The treatment gives almost the same results as PUVA therapy.

Diffuse hair loss – that helps!

Diffuse hair loss means that the hair falls out evenly over the head.

This type of hair loss has various reasons, for example:

  • Taking medication (medication for increased blood lipid levels, cancer medication, medication for hyperthyroidism)
  • infections
  • thyroid disorders
  • Malnutrition, such as iron deficiency

If the cause is treated, the hair usually grows back slowly. If a drug is to blame for the hair loss, the doctor will prescribe another preparation that is less harmful to the hair. Also the dosage .

If there is an underlying disease such as a thyroid disorder, it must first be treated. The hair loss side effect will then improve over time and the hair will sprout again.

Hair loss in women: what to do?

What helps against hair loss in women? Since hair loss in women often has different causes than in men, the treatment is also different.

You can find out what women can do about hair loss in the article “ Hair loss in women ”.

hair transplants

What else helps against hair loss? Hair transplantation is one way to replace lost hair . A doctor removes healthy hair roots from the patient and puts them back on a bald part of the body. There are various methods for this: The strip technique (follicular unit transplantation, FUT for short) and the follicular unit excision, FUE for short, are currently the most common.

You can learn more about this in this post Hair Transplantation .

styling and wigs

The right haircut or other hairstyle may conceal bald spots or thinning hair. Especially with a clearly defined circular hair loss, the hairstyle often covers the bald spot well. It is best to talk to your hairdresser and get advice.

Unfortunately, a new hairstyle is not always the right way to cover up hair loss. A hair replacement will help you with severe hair loss. The available products are now mostly of high quality and consist of real or synthetic hair in all colors and cuts. The hair replacement can be attached temporarily or permanently.

In some cases, health insurance covers part of the cost of a wig or toupee. It is best to ask your contact person at the health insurance company after your visit to the hair replacement studio.

Home remedies for hair loss

In the drugstore and in the supermarket there are many supposed miracle cures for hair loss. The various ingredients are said to stimulate the hair roots and allow new hair to sprout. Some natural compounds actually have the potential to affect hair growth. Best of all, you can easily make the home remedies yourself at home.

There is no scientific evidence for some well-tried remedies, but there are a number of positive reports. But not every home remedy is suitable for every type of hair loss. If you have diagnosed hair loss, it is therefore better to discuss the use of home remedies with your doctor.

Hair tonic with nettle or birch leaves

The stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) is a popular home remedy for hair loss. The plant is also called “hair nettle herb”. It contains natural extracts such as silicates and certain proteins and fats. Special nettle hair tonic is therefore suitable for stimulating hair growth and blood circulation in the scalp and for removing dandruff from the scalp .

The hair tonic is ready to buy. You can make the brew yourself from 200 grams of fresh nettle with a liter of water. Let the nettle boil for half an hour, and then strain the plants. Gently massage the cooled brew into the scalp after washing your hair or in the evening before going to sleep. However, the effect has not been scientifically proven.

Instead of nettles, you can also make hair tonic with birch leaves. Birch (Betula pendula) has a similar effect. An application for hair loss and dandruff is therefore possible.

Hair conditioner with apple cider vinegar

Another home remedy for hair loss is an apple cider vinegar rinse. The ingredients in vinegar help with irritated, dry and scaly scalps. The treatment with apple cider vinegar also ensures shiny and healthy hair.

It is best to use apple cider vinegar like a conditioner: Rinse your hair with apple cider vinegar after washing. To do this, mix a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar with a cup of water and stir the mixture thoroughly. Allow the mixture to act for a few minutes and rinse thoroughly with clear water.

Onion juice against circular hair loss

Onion juice is a secret weapon in the fight against hair loss. A study showed the effect of the home remedy on patchy hair loss and nutrient-related hair loss.

Twice daily application with fresh onion juice is necessary to benefit from it. Dab the juice on the bald spots on the head. The hair in the study participants began to grow after about two weeks. After six weeks, most of them had grown new hair. Men seem to respond slightly better to the juice than women.


The seeds of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) are effective against diffuse hair loss. That is why fenugreek seeds are included in various dietary supplements.

A study with 60 participants showed that regular use of the product over a period of six months improves hair growth and hair thickness. The effectiveness of the remedies with fenugreek seeds was significantly better than that of the placebo group. How exactly the ingredients affect hair growth is not yet clear.

Aloe Vera

A healthy scalp is important for healthy and beautiful hair. Therefore, aloe vera is considered a home remedy for diffuse hair loss. The components of the plant sap provide the scalp with moisture and soothe the irritated scalp. The hair roots also benefit from this. Above all, the contained beta-sitosterol is said to help with hair loss.

To do this, apply the plant juice or a gel with aloe vera directly to the scalp and leave it on for up to three hours. Then rinse thoroughly with clear water. With regular use, this should promote hair growth. However, it has not yet been proven whether aloe vera can actually make hair sprout again.

Coconut oil for the scalp

If you have a dry scalp or dandruff on your hair, treat your skin with coconut oil. The ingredients moisturize the skin. To do this, gently massage a teaspoon of the oil into your scalp and wrap your hair in a towel. After about half an hour, rinse your hair thoroughly with clear water. However, it is not clear whether the coconut cure actually improves hair loss.

Caffeine shampoos: effect in humans unclear

Shampoos containing caffeine promise to stimulate the hair roots and scalp in such a way that hair growth is stimulated. In laboratory tests, caffeine had positive effects on hair growth – even more so in female hair cells than in males. However, it is unclear whether the results of the laboratory tests can be extrapolated to humans. The effect of the shampoos has not been scientifically proven.

Prevent hair loss – you can do that

Can hair loss be prevented? There are several ways to promote hair and scalp health. A healthy lifestyle is good for the whole body. You will feel fitter, healthier and more comfortable. It may not bring back the hair that has fallen out overnight, but with the right lifestyle, at least other confounding factors for hair loss can be eliminated.

Balanced nutrition

An important building block for healthy hair is a balanced diet. Our body needs many different nutrients for all metabolic processes to run smoothly. For strong and healthy hair, the body needs:

Whole grain products and foods of animal origin such as beef, pork and poultry provide a lot of zinc. Dairy products also contain the trace element. Selenium is mainly found in meat, fish, nuts and mushrooms. You consume copper when offal, meat, fish, cereals, legumes and nuts are on the menu.

In general, you should eat lots of fresh fruit and vegetables as well as whole grain products. Lean meat and fish are also important. Oatmeal, flaxseed and nuts are suitable as a healthy snack.

Biotin for beautiful hair

Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin from the B group. It is involved in a number of metabolic processes and in the breakdown of certain fat and amino acids.

If the body receives too little biotin through food, skin changes and hair loss occur, among other things. However, an undersupply of biotin is extremely rare. For example, those who eat a lot of raw eggs can develop a biotin deficiency.

  • bovine kidney
  • Egg yolk, chicken eggs
  • pork liver
  • Yeast
  • oatmeal
  • wheat germ
  • Mushrooms
  • unpolished rice

Biotin is also found in these products, albeit in a lower concentration:

  • Spinach
  • Brie
  • Speisequark
  • whole wheat
  • pork and beef
  • carrots, tomatoes, apples
  • Hering
  • cow milk

Biotin is also found in various dietary supplements, for example in brewer’s yeast tablets. If taken regularly, these remedies can help to maintain healthy hair. However, do not take any dietary supplements on suspicion. Talk to your doctor about whether you actually have a deficiency.

Do zinc tablets help against hair loss?

Whether zinc tablets help against hair loss has so far been controversial. Dietary supplements with zinc strengthen the immune system . Whether they also have a positive effect on hair loss has not been scientifically confirmed. However, a zinc deficiency is a possible cause of hair loss.

You should discuss with your doctor whether dietary supplements with zinc are suitable for you before taking them. He can recommend the right dosage for you and observe the effect of the tablets.

Build healthy intestinal flora

A disturbed intestinal flora has various effects on the body. Among other things, skin and hair suffer when the balance of the natural intestinal bacteria is disturbed. This is especially the case after taking antibiotics. Probiotics help to balance the intestinal flora. They increase the number of “good” germs in the gut and pathogens have less chance of spreading.

Probiotics are found in foods such as natural yoghurt, kefir, buttermilk, sauerkraut and beetroot. So-called probiotic foods contain them in particularly high amounts. This includes probiotic yoghurts, cheeses, beverages, breads and baked goods.

Whether taking probiotics works against hair loss is not clear. But the foods help to strengthen the immune system and ensure better general well-being.

Healthy lifestyle

A healthy lifestyle is a good way to prevent hair loss. When you’re doing well, your hair shows it too! It is true that new hair does not automatically sprout when you change your diet or exercise more. But in the long term, the entire organism benefits from it.

You will feel fitter, healthier and more comfortable in your own skin if you follow a few everyday tips:

  • Reduce stress , for example with relaxation techniques.
  • Exercise regularly – preferably in the fresh air.
  • Avoid toxins like alcohol and nicotine.
  • Eat a balanced diet with lots of fresh ingredients.
  • Get enough and regular sleep.
  • Use contraception without hormones, for example with condoms.
  • Reduce the stress on your hair. Avoid tight braids or hair pulling.

Natural body and hair care

To keep your hair long, strong and healthy, you should use care products that are as gentle as possible. Avoid shampoos, conditioners and conditioners with artificial fragrances and preservatives.

A look at the list of ingredients will help you. Fragrances are often labeled as “aroma” or “perfume”. Preservatives hide under many different chemical names such as propylparabens, diazolidinyl urea , methylchloroisothiazolinone or methyldibromoglutaronitrile. Find out more here: https://cosmile.app/

Preservatives are mainly found in shampoos with a high water content. Because bacteria, viruses or fungi easily settle in the water. Solid soaps inherently contain fewer preservatives and are therefore considered compatible.

If you don’t want to do without liquid shampoo, you can make your own natural hair care products using liquid soap and coconut milk. Mix the two ingredients in equal parts in an empty shampoo bottle. A teaspoon of coconut oil further enhances the caring properties.

In the case of hair loss, it is better to avoid excessive heat, for example when blow-drying or straightening your hair. The heat damages the hair structure of the remaining hair.

What is hair loss?

Experts speak of hair loss when more than 100 hairs fall out every day and fewer hairs grow back than are shed. The border between normal hair loss and pathological hair loss is fluid. If more than 60 percent of the head hair is missing in one or more places on the head, doctors speak of alopecia.

Hair loss either extends continuously over a longer period of time or occurs acutely – for example in the course of an illness.

The older we get, the more pronounced the natural hair loss. One percent loss of hair per year is normal. Hair loss occurs equally in women and men. However, since hair loss in men is more socially accepted and hair loss is less concealed, it gives the impression that men are affected more often.


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