Home Hair Care These hair types exist!

These hair types exist!

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 329 views

Thick or thin hair, straight or curly, shiny or dull – as different as people are, so is the mane on their heads. Read here how hair can be divided into categories and why it is important for you to know your personal hair type .

Hair structures are very versatile: there is straight and at the same time thick hair, but also thin and very curly hair. Depending on the hair type, care and styling options vary. Because: How easy it is to untangle the hair, how well curls hold and how it feels after washing provides information about the hair type. Based on these criteria, Andre Walker, an American hairdresser, developed a scheme that distinguishes between four basic hair types.

Straight hair

  • Hair type 1a: He has absolutely straight hair. The individual hair is flat and sparse, but often has a visible sheen.
  • Hair type 1b: He has straight hair with no visible waves but slightly more bounce and texture than type 1a.
  • Hair Type 1c: Hair of this type has a little more movement and one or two distinct waves. They are coarser than hair type 1a and 1b.

This is typical for straight hair

Straight hair contains more moisture and shine because the sebum easily travels from the scalp to the tips. It is therefore more resistant to damage than other hair types, but it can only be styled to a limited extent. Curls and waves are difficult to work in and don’t last very long.

Care for straight hair

If you have straight hair, it is best to carefully remove knots with a wide-toothed comb or your hands after washing. When styling straight hair, use as few products as possible – otherwise the hair will quickly look flat and weighed down. And: Cut the ends at regular intervals (about every six weeks), as these hair types tend to split ends .

Wavy hair

  • Hair Type 2a: These are loose, stretched waves spread throughout the hair.
  • Hair type 2b: It has shorter, clear waves, similar to wet braided hair, so-called beach waves.
  • Hair type 2c: Clear waves with the odd curl in the hair characterize the hair structure.

This is typical for wavy hair

The texture of wavy hair is somewhere between straight and curly hair, but it can also take on a frizzy appearance. The hair is easy to manage and can be styled in different ways. Wavy hair has a slight S structure – the hair runs in an S-shape, which gives the mane natural volume.

Care for wavy hair

If you have wavy hair, it’s best to use a curling iron and flat iron on a low heat to bring out the best in your waves. Choose shampoos and conditioners that moisturize the hair to maximize your waves. Avoid using a brush or comb when styling. It’s best to define your waves with your fingers so they stay in shape.

Curly hair

  • Hair type 3a: This type has large, spiral curls.
  • Hair type 3b: Tightly twisted corkscrew curls fall into this category.

This is typical for curly hair

Curls have a glossy finish, bounce, and natural volume that comes with this hair texture.

Care for curly hair

Wash curly hair as seldom as possible and with cold water – this will prevent your hair from frizzing. With these hair types, rely on sufficient care and detangle the hair with a large-toothed comb. Go through strand by strand so as not to strain it too much.

Krause’s hair

  • Hair type 4a: This hair type has extremely tight curls in the so-called S-pattern.
  • Hair type 4b: Hair that has sharp kinks and runs in a Z pattern belongs to this hair type.

This is typical for frizzy hair

Naturally frizzy hair contracts so much that it appears up to 75 percent shorter than it is. These hair types have finely textured curls that run like a tight S or Z. It naturally has a lot of volume.

Care for frizzy hair

Use moisturizing shampoos, conditioners and oils on frizzy hair as it is prone to dryness. Be as economical as possible with styling products. Also, give your hair more breaks.

The personal hair code

Overall, Andre Walker’s classification takes two other factors into account: general appearance and volume. When it comes to appearance, the expert distinguishes between

  • F: fine hair (0.01 – 0.04 millimeters in diameter)
  • M: medium thick hair (0.05-0.07 millimeters in diameter)
  • C: coarse hair (from 0.08 millimeters in diameter).

The total volume shows in the braid circumference. To do this, tie your hair into a ponytail and place a tape measure around the thickest part:

  • i: With thin hair, the circumference of the braid is less than five centimetres.
  • ii: Normal hair is between five and ten centimeters in circumference.
  • iii: Hair is considered thick if the braid is ten centimeters or more in circumference.

This creates a personal code for each hair. Straight, fine and very thin hair, for example, can therefore be classified under code 1aFi.

Oily, dry, fine: hair types according to their condition

There is also a classification based on the condition of the scalp or damage to the hair structure. She distinguishes between six different hair types.

Normal hair

Normal hair is healthy, elastic and shiny. The enveloping grease protection film is neither too thick nor too thin. Normal hair is not dyed, tinted or permed. The outer cuticle is smooth and reflects the light.

You can find out how to keep your hair healthy and beautiful here: Healthy and beautiful hair: the best tips!

Damaged hair

Stressed hair occurs when permanently damaging influences act on the hair. This includes dyeing, perms, hot blow-drying, but also environmental influences such as too much sun. The hair appears dull, lackluster, straw-like and brittle.

In this case, consult an expert for appropriate care. Also, get rid of unhealthy ends of your hair.

Dry hair

Dry hair lacks the protective oily film that normally surrounds healthy hair. The outer cuticle layer is roughened and damaged, the hair loses its moisture and appears dull and brittle.

You can find out how to best care for dry hair in this text: Dry hair: the best home remedies and tips.

Fine hair

Fine or thin hair has little hold and volume. After styling, the hair quickly falls apart. Blonde people often struggle with this because blonde hair is thinner than dark hair.

You can read what fine hair needs in the text ” Thin Hair “.

Greasy hair

Greasy hair occurs when the sebaceous glands in the hair roots produce too much oil . The sebum quickly makes the hair look stringy and greasy – even if they are freshly washed. Causes for the overproduction of sebum can be, for example, stress , poor nutrition or hormonal changes.

You can read how to deal with greasy hair in the text ” Greasy hair “.

Scruffy Hair

Dandruff is caused by an excessive proliferation of scalp cells. External influences such as dry heating air, incorrect hair care products that have not been rinsed out thoroughly or stress irritate the scalp and stimulate dandruff formation. Usually there is also an unpleasant itching.

Read here what helps against dandruff: Dandruff: What really helps against it!

That is why determining the hair type is important!

If the scalp is healthy, the hair is happy. Shaggy, dull or shiny: How hair looks also depends on the right hair care – and you should match it to your hair type. An expert gives the best advice.

Basically, soap (alkaline) and pH-neutral shampoos destroy the natural protective acid mantle of the scalp and cause the keratin structure of the hair to swell. It is then more difficult to comb, becomes dull, matt and dries out easily. Care products with a pH value of 5.5 for healthy skin are recommended.

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