Home Dental Care Healthy teeth: How to properly care for your teeth!

Healthy teeth: How to properly care for your teeth!

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 294 views

Healthy teeth are important: we need them every day to chew and they also play an important role when speaking. Teeth need care to stay healthy. Read here what this looks like.

Healthy teeth: This is what proper care looks like!

You only have healthy teeth if you take care of them regularly. Whenever we eat something, plaque builds up on our teeth. It’s a mix of leftover food and bacteria.

Without dental care, plaque turns into plaque. The result: it causes problems such as caries, periodontitis (also: parodontosis) or gingivitis. Find out here how you can take care of your teeth yourself and what the dentist does to keep your teeth healthy.

Regular care is a prerequisite for healthy teeth and gums . Clean, good teeth and strong, healthy gums are significantly less prone to dental problems. Your dental care routine should include:

brush your teeth properly

Thoroughly brushing your teeth is the foundation of keeping them and gums healthy. If the tooth surface is clean, there are no holes. Cleaning the transition area between teeth and gums will save you gum problems.

The teeth have a fundamental effect on our health: inflammation in the mouth increases the risk of heart disease, among other things.

This is what counts when brushing your teeth:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes. However, avoid brushing immediately after eating. Especially if it was something acidic like citrus or fruit juice. The acid will soften the enamel and vigorous scrubbing will damage it. Therefore it is better to wait 30 minutes before cleaning.
  • Brush the front of the teeth, the back of the teeth, the chewing surfaces and clean your tongue. Bacteria also settle on it.
  • Use a fluoridated toothpaste to brush your teeth . It helps strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay.
  • Use toothbrushes with soft bristles. Brush gently in circular motions. If the bristles are too hard or if you scrub too hard, this will quickly damage the gums.
  • Keep your toothbrush clean. After brushing, wash thoroughly, store upright and air dry well. Make sure that every toothbrush has its own place in the household. If several are standing close together in a cup or holder, they will otherwise quickly exchange bacteria or mold. Replace your toothbrush or brush head at least every three to four months.

Learn more about brushing your teeth here .

Tooth and silk: thread for healthy teeth

Dental floss goes where a toothbrush can’t reach: the narrow spaces between teeth and the transition from tooth to gum. How to properly floss:

  • Gently pull the floss through the interdental spaces with a rubbing motion.
  • Be careful not to pull the floss into your gums. If the thread touches the gums, run it back down the tooth in a C-motion.
  • Use a new piece of dental floss for each gap. For this, the thread should be about 40 centimeters long.
  • Whether first dental floss, then toothbrush or vice versa? This is still under discussion in specialist circles. A 2018 study showed that the test group who flossed first and then brushed had less plaque in between the teeth and in general.

Learn more about dental floss here .

Tips for good dental health

In addition to thorough brushing and regular flossing, there are a few other things you can do to keep a tooth healthy, such as:

  • Use a fluoride mouthwash to support oral health and reduce the risk of tooth decay. You can find out more about mouthwash here .
  • For holistically healthy teeth, what you eat also plays a role: Eat a healthy diet and avoid sugary foods and drinks as much as possible. They are not good for your teeth as they increase the risk of cavities. Find out more about nutrition and dental health here .
  • Chew sugar-free gum after meals, it stimulates salivation, reduces the risk of tooth decay and helps keep teeth healthy.
  • Do not use toothpicks or other sharp objects to clean between your teeth after eating. They easily injure the gums.
  • Give up smoking. It increases susceptibility to gum disease and tooth loss because smokers produce more plaque, among other things.
  • Keep bite splints or braces clean, brush them regularly and clean them in special solutions.
  • Go to the dental check-up at least once a year.

Healthy teeth in children: how it works!

Hole in a tooth? Does not have to be. Parents who pay attention to a few things when caring for their children’s teeth reduce their risk of tooth decay. How to ensure healthy teeth for your children right from the start:

  • It is important to pay attention to the fluoride supply from the very first milk tooth, as fluoride makes the tooth enamel stronger and therefore more resistant to bacteria. There are fluoride toothpastes made especially for children.
  • Clean the teeth of very young children after eating with water and a child-friendly toothbrush. From the sixth month, a thin film of children’s toothpaste with fluoride can be used for cleaning once a day.
  • From the age of two, increase the amount of children’s toothpaste to a pea-sized dollop twice a day.
  • Even if your child can brush its own teeth from the age of three or four, it is better to stick with it and brush the tooth surfaces again, especially in the evening. Regular follow-up checks make sense for healthy children’s teeth up to the age of around ten years.
  • Dental floss makes sense for children who have very narrow spaces between their teeth, and mouthwash is sometimes recommended by dentists if there is a high risk of tooth decay.
  • The same applies to children: eat a healthy, low-sugar diet. Be aware of the ingredients in food products you give your child. There is often hidden sugar in it. Avoid giving food after brushing your teeth in the evening. That damages the tooth. And: Avoid sugary drinks, especially in bottles. The “sugar flush” by sucking for a long time easily causes tooth decay and the like.

Here you can find out more about brushing teeth for babies and toddlers .

Healthy gums: This care is needed!

Unlike red, unhealthy gums, healthy gums are pink, don’t bleed, completely fill in between the teeth, and aren’t swollen. If it becomes inflamed and/or recedes due to an illness, the teeth sometimes literally lose their hold: they begin to loosen.

Find out more about healthy gums here .

Healthy teeth: That’s what the dentist does

No matter how well you care for your teeth, once a year for adults and twice a year for children and adolescents a check-up at the dentist should be on the calendar. Stubborn deposits, especially in hard-to-reach places in the mouth, are usually not removed with care measures at home.

To ensure that you do not have any problems with caries or gum inflammation (periodontitis) and that you continue to have strong teeth, the dentist has the opportunity to clean your teeth professionally.

Such a professional tooth cleaning (PZR) aims to remove everything that makes the teeth and gums diseased. For this purpose, the dentist uses powder-water spray or sonic vibrations, for example. After removal, he polishes the teeth with a paste containing fluoride. This makes the tooth surfaces smooth, it becomes harder for bacteria to settle on them, and the teeth stay healthy.

The teeth can also be lightened to a certain extent with PZR: the dentist removes discolouration caused by red wine, smoking or coffee and tea. In addition, the polish reflects the light and the teeth appear brighter.

How often professional tooth cleaning is necessary depends on the individual risk of plaque, caries and periodontitis. One to two treatments per year are usually sufficient for healthy teeth.

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