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Menstrual pain – what can you do?

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 347 views

Stomach pain, back pain, nausea – for some girls, the days are a real agony. But you’re not alone: ​​About seven to nine out of ten female teenagers have moderate to severe menstrual cramps. It is not known why some people get through their period without any pain and others don’t. However, it is believed that certain hormone-like messenger substances, the prostaglandins, play a role. One consolation: for most girls, the pain becomes less severe over the years, and for some it stops completely.

Nausea, sluggishness & Co

You will feel pain in your stomach and back, especially in the first one or two days of your period. Dysmenorrhea is the technical term for menstrual pain . Some girls also feel unwell, they are sick, they have headaches, diarrhea, a feeling of fullness or problems with their circulation. It is so bad for some girls that they cannot go to school.

Active Uterus

But where do the unpleasant symptoms actually come from? The menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days. For some it is longer, for some it is shorter. Especially if you are still young, the cycle has to get used to it first. If no fertilized egg implants itself in the uterus after you ovulate, part of the mucous membrane is broken down and the remains are shed – and this process leads to menstruation.

The cramping pain is usually caused by the uterus contracting. But there are also external factors that can make the pain worse, for example if you are extremely stressed (school, parents, friends…). If you are still young, you may often suffer from severe menstrual problems because the hormonal circuits that control bleeding are not yet fully developed.

When to the doctor?

Sometimes there can be other causes behind the pain. These can be cysts on the ovaries (these are tissue cavities filled with fluid), fibroids (benign growths in the uterus) or endometriosis . In endometriosis, the lining of the uterus is scattered and also grows outside the uterus. It is found in some girls of childbearing age. In the event of prolonged and severe menstrual pain, you should definitely consult a doctor and have the causes of the menstrual pain clarified.

Pain go away!

What works for one girl may not necessarily work for you. So you may need to test what works for you and what doesn’t. Some possibilities are:

» Painkillers : Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are very effective. They contain active ingredients such as ibuprofen , diclofenac or paracetamol ; what is important is that your stomach tolerates it.

» Antispasmodics (suppositories or tablets) can support general relaxation and thus relieve pain.

» Hormones : Doctors often recommend taking hormones ( the pill ). It prevents ovulation, the lining of the uterus is built up less and broken down more easily. This means fewer spasms in the uterine muscles and less bleeding.

» Heat works well against menstrual pain. This includes, for example, a hot-water bottle, baths, warming pads or a visit to the sauna.

» Certain teas can also help, for example yarrow tea. Medicinal teas made from lady’s mantle, chamomile and cinquefoil also have an antispasmodic effect.

» Some people also benefit from a massage .

» Regular exercise can help reduce pain.

» Relaxation and breathing exercises can relieve cramps and relieve pain. Think of something nice, take about ten deep breaths in through your nose and out slowly through your mouth . You have to consciously let your buttocks relax. Autogenic training, TaiChi and Qigong are also effective .

» Alternative healing methods such as acupuncture, acupressure or homeopathy have also proven effective for menstrual pain . It should be noted here, however, that these are scientifically controversial.

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