Home Dental Care Proper oral hygiene: the best tips!

Proper oral hygiene: the best tips!

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 234 views

Regular and thorough oral hygiene is important to keep breath fresh and teeth and gums healthy. But what care does the mouth need? Read here how good oral hygiene works.

How does good oral hygiene work?

Laughing, speaking, chewing: all of this works better with a healthy mouth, strong gums and healthy teeth. Poor oral hygiene, on the other hand, causes teeth and gums to become diseased. If diseases such as caries and gum inflammation (periodontitis) remain untreated, they increase the risk of diabetes or cardiovascular diseases. This can be prevented with proper oral hygiene. That’s how it’s done!

Brush teeth

Brush your teeth at least twice a day. This is the basis of dental hygiene. Brushing in a circular motion and applying light pressure removes plaque. This is a plaque of bacteria and food debris that damages teeth and causes gingivitis if left on teeth. Brush your teeth for about three minutes.

Learn more about brushing your teeth here .

dental floss

This cleans the spaces between the teeth that the toothbrush cannot reach. Be gentle and don’t pull the thread roughly into your gums. Interdental brushes can also be used as an alternative dental hygiene product.

Learn more about dental floss here .


mouthwash complements oral hygiene. It helps reduce plaque and kills germs that cause tooth and gum disease. Such mouthwashes commonly contain caries reducing ingredients such as amine fluoride and stannous fluoride.

You can find out more about mouthwash here .

tongue cleaning

Clean your tongue. The surface of the tongue is rough, so food residue and dead cells easily stick to it. Bacteria multiply particularly well on this breeding ground, which in turn increases the risk of caries and periodontitis. This coating can be removed with a tongue cleaner. There are studies that indicate that such cleaning has positive effects.

You can find out more about tongue cleaning here .


Diet is also part of good oral hygiene. Caries bacteria love sweets and sours, which they convert into tooth-damaging acid. Therefore, make sure that you only consume sweetened drinks such as cola, lemonades or fruit juices and foods with sugar such as chocolate or ketchup in moderation. And: fruit sugar and fruit acid also attack the tooth surfaces.

Bananas, figs and dried fruit are particularly high in fructose, while citrus fruits are rich in fruit acid. Brush your teeth after eating fruit that contains fructose. With fruit acid it is better to wait a while, otherwise you will “sand” the enamel off your teeth.

Find out more about dental health and nutrition here .

Oral hygiene: these home remedies exist!

In addition to the classic oral hygiene products such as toothbrushes, dental floss and the like, there are simple means that help to reduce the amount of germs in the mouth. You may already have some of them in your kitchen cupboard at home. Supplementary oral hygiene at a low price, so to speak.

These home remedies support proper oral hygiene:


As a mouthwash or as part of toothpaste , baking soda shows its potential to support oral hygiene. It kills bacteria, has a neutralizing and cleansing effect.


The green plant pigment is found in parsley, broccoli and spinach, among other things. Some people swear by it to prevent halitosis and bad breath.

There was actually a study in the 1950s that confirmed this effect. However, it is now considered invalidated, there is no scientific evidence for the effectiveness of chlorophyll on the breath. However, green vegetables are not harmful to health simply because of their vitamin content.

yoghurt (products)

Lactic acid bacteria are found in yoghurt and products such as kefir. These keep tooth-damaging bacteria in check and the oral microbiome in balance. One study showed that people who ate yogurt once a week or more often had an 18 percent lower risk of gum disease.


Oral hygiene also benefits from the soothing, anti-inflammatory properties of chamomile . When used as a mouthwash morning and night, subjects in one study had less plaque and bleeding gums after two weeks.


Thyme, peppermint, and tea tree oil solutions have antimicrobial properties. This means that they counteract the formation of bacteria and thus support oral hygiene. Caution: Allergic reactions are possible, especially with tea tree oil!

oil pulling

Done regularly and correctly, oil pulling is a possible adjunct to oral hygiene and care that will help prevent cavities in your teeth. For example, sesame, sunflower or coconut oil is suitable for oral hygiene. Swish about a tablespoon of it in your mouth and pull it through your teeth. However, the study situation is still sparse here.

Learn more about oil pulling here !


The yellow-orange daisy family has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and has a positive effect on the immune system . For this reason, a marigold mouthwash can be used to support the treatment of periodontitis, for example, and it also reduces plaque.

Black and green tea

The flavonoids and polyphenols contained in the leaves have an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect and, when used as a rinse, help to relieve gingivitis (periodontitis), among other things.


The lemon is another helper in oral hygiene. A study in which subjects rinsed their mouths with a 30 percent lemon juice solution showed that this home remedy inhibited bacterial growth.

All of these home remedies will not make up for poor oral hygiene and poor dental hygiene. They are merely a supplement to domestic and professional oral care.

Problems despite good oral hygiene

Sometimes the best oral hygiene at home doesn’t help. Nevertheless, a hole in the tooth, inflamed gums or bad breath. These are possible reasons:

Caries despite good oral hygiene

Some people have tooth decay despite brushing, flossing, and rinsing their mouths. This may be due to certain genes that make tooth enamel weak and susceptible to damage. This makes it easier for caries bacteria.

Gingivitis despite good oral hygiene

Inflammation or gum recession despite good oral hygiene is sometimes a predisposition. This means that the bacteria responsible for this are passed on within the family.

This transmission also occurs when kissing. In addition, a generally weakened immune system and factors that weaken it make gingivitis more likely. This includes, for example, smoking.

Grind your teeth at night, overload your teeth, your gums will recede.

Find out more about healthy gums here .

Bad breath despite good oral hygiene

If the breath is bad despite proper dental hygiene, it is often because not enough saliva is flowing. Be it because someone snores or breathes through their mouth. The mouth also becomes drier when fasting or with increasing age.

Sometimes, however, there is also a disease behind bad breath, for example the autoimmune disease Sjögren’s syndrome, which attacks the salivary and lacrimal glands, or a tumor in the throat or mouth.

Find out more about bad breath here .

Oral hygiene at the dentist

The dentist offers professional, almost perfect oral hygiene in the course of which he removes tartar, plaque and discolouration. He has tools, such as special sprays or sound wave instruments, that can reach areas that are difficult or impossible to reach with oral hygiene at home.

He then polishes the tooth surface and applies a varnish or gel with fluoride that makes it harder for bacteria or plaque to take hold.

Such oral hygiene twice a year makes sense. Even if the oral hygiene costs are not or only partially covered by health insurance for adults with statutory health insurance. It’s worth it in the medium and long term.

The dental hygiene costs depend on the time required, i.e. on how many teeth have to be treated in the course of professional oral hygiene and how expensively.

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