Home Pedicure Remove cornea – how it works!

Remove cornea – how it works!

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 278 views

There are many tools that can be used to remove calluses – from files to special plasters. But not all of them are equally suitable for removing annoying calluses. How do I get rid of calluses on my feet? Are there any effective home remedies? Read here what causes excess calluses and how to remove them properly!

What to do against cornea?

Callositas in medical terms are thickened areas of skin that usually develop on the feet, but also on the hands, knees and elbows. The formation of calluses protects the skin from heavy stress caused by pressure or friction.

In this respect, cornea is useful. However, too much of it looks ugly: Yellowish in color and with a cracked, cracked structure on the heels or toes, they are particularly annoying in summer when your feet are no longer in socks and closed shoes.

However, there are things you can do to get rid of calluses on your feet.

Remove calluses with a pumice stone

Removing calluses with the pumice stone was already common in ancient times. Pumice is an airy, coarse-pored volcanic rock. Pumice stones are now available in various sizes and colors in pharmacies and drugstores at low prices. Before use, it is best to moisten the pumice stone a little so that it slides more easily over the skin.

The many pores of the pumice stone quickly fill up with sanded-off skin particles. For reasons of hygiene, you should therefore wash the stone thoroughly after each planing. There are also less porous, synthetic pumice stones that you can use to remove calluses. Experts recommend these in particular for people with diabetes, who often suffer from inflamed skin on their feet.

Pumice stones are good for gently removing thin calluses. It is better to remove thick calluses with a callus file.

Remove calluses with a file

You can easily remove calluses on your feet using special foot files. Like pumice stones, you can buy them inexpensively in pharmacies and drugstores.

Callus files are usually made of sandpaper and have two sides: With the coarse side you can rasp away the callus over a large area. Then use the fine-grain side to do the fine work and smooth out rough areas. Don’t be too violent, because a thin layer of callus is important to protect the skin on the feet from injury.

In order to optimally prepare the feet for the callus removal, a warm foot bath is recommended beforehand.

Please do not use calluses or attempt to cut away calluses as the pointed, sharp tools can easily injure skin, allowing dirt and germs to enter. You should also avoid electric callus removers for this reason.

Callus remover cream and callus plaster

Special creams containing salicylic acid, ointments with urea (urea) or deer tallow creams can remove calluses. Alternatively, a corneal plaster with the active ingredients mentioned also helps. Plasters and creams can be found in pharmacies and drugstores. There are also special socks or foot masks to remove calluses.


In recent years, another method has come to us from Asia that you can use to remove calluses: Kangal fish or the reddish sucker barbs, also known as surgeon fish, simply nibble away calluses. Many beauty salons now offer this treatment in this country.

To do this, you dip your feet in lukewarm water basins in which some of the fish swim. They immediately start eating the calluses on the heels, soles, balls of the feet and between the toes. This is painless, you usually only feel a slight tingling sensation when the fish remove the callus.

However, doctors are critical of this type of corneal removal for hygienic reasons. Animal rights activists have also criticized the use of fish as live callus removers.

If you want to remove your calluses with the help of nibbling fish, you should pay particular attention to the cleanliness and hygiene of the water basin. It is best to take a close look before you decide on a provider.

Which home remedies help to remove calluses?

You can remove hard skin on your feet particularly gently if you take a foot bath beforehand or use a chamomile packet. Both soften the skin a bit. Do not treat the callus with toothpaste, shaving cream or mouthwash – this could irritate the skin.

We will show you how to remove calluses with suitable home remedies.

Foot bath with apple cider vinegar or baking soda

Calluses on your feet will soften if you treat your feet to a warm bath with either apple cider vinegar, aloe vera juice or tea tree oil . Put a few drops (vinegar, aloe juice) or a few drops (tea tree oil) in 37 degree warm water and soak your feet in it for about ten minutes.

You can also use baking soda to remove calluses. To do this, put a packet of it in lukewarm water and soak your feet in it for a few minutes. Milk powder is also suitable for a foot bath.

chamomile packet

A chamomile packet is also well suited for the pre-treatment. Before removing the callus, put a tablespoon of chamomile flowers on a linen cloth and wrap the flowers in it. Then pour a few tablespoons of boiling water over the packet until well moistened. Now press the chamomile flower packet on the affected skin area for about 15 minutes. After that, you can easily remove the softened callus.

Remove calluses overnight with lemon juice

Cut the zest from a lemon , put it on your foot and put a compress over it. Secure with a gauze bandage or tight socks – don’t use a plastic bag or aluminum foil. Leave the peels on overnight. The citric acid from the peel helps soften the calloused skin.

Calluses on the feet: causes

If the skin is regularly exposed to particular pressure or friction, it forms more new cells. Over time, thick, calloused skin develops, mainly on the heels and the balls of the feet. The following factors have a favorable effect on the formation of hard skin on the feet:

  • Poorly fitting or too tight shoes: Friction promotes the development of calluses.
  • Shoes with high heels: By wearing high heels, the body weight rests almost exclusively on the balls of the feet, so that more calluses form there.
  • Malpositions of the foot skeleton: Hammer toes, for example, lead to an uneven load on the foot and thus to increased callus formation in certain areas.
  • Overweight: Excess kilos increase the overall pressure on the feet.
  • Regular standing or walking for long periods: This also leads to increased callus formation in the long term.

Remove calluses How often is it necessary?

There is no rule of thumb as to how often you need to remove calluses on your feet. After all, the development of calluses is individual for each person and depends on the personal complexion and foot care routine. Check regularly how much callus has formed. If there are unsightly cracks, they should be removed. However, there is still no method for permanently removing calluses.

Another persistent rumor is that the more calluses are formed the more often they are removed. It is not so.

Medical pedicure: Remove calluses from a professional

If you don’t want to remove your calluses yourself, you can get medical foot care from a podiatry practice or from a dermatologist. Such a professional foot treatment is particularly advisable for people with diabetes, who are often prone to inflammatory skin diseases on their feet, and for people with excessively proliferating calluses (hyperkeratosis).

Read more about medical foot care here .

When the cornea dries out, cracks appear that allow germs that cause inflammation to penetrate the skin. If you try to remove the cracked cornea yourself, you can quickly aggravate the problem.

In addition to podiatrists and dermatologists, some cosmetic studios can also have calluses removed as part of a pedicure. However, this purely cosmetic, non-medical treatment is only suitable for healthy, unproblematic skin.

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