Home Healthy Eating Sodium cyclamate (E 952): use and disadvantages

Sodium cyclamate (E 952): use and disadvantages

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 250 views

The sweetener sodium cyclamate is found in numerous diet and light products. It has the European approval number E 952. Of the approved sweeteners, this additive has the lowest sweetening power. Here you can read interesting facts about the properties and uses of sodium cyclamate and whether you can safely consume products with this additive.

What is sodium cyclamate?

Cyclamate is the generic term for cyclohexylsulfamic acid. The additive is chemically produced by the reaction of cyclohexylamine and sulfamic acid. Researchers discovered it by accident in 1937 at the University of Illinois while working on an antipyretic.

The production of E 952 produces odorless, white crystals that are 35 to 70 times sweeter than sugar. Nevertheless, among the permitted sweeteners, sodium cyclamate is the one with the lowest sweetening power. However, in combination with saccharin, the sweetness increases sharply. Its taste is very close to that of sugar.

Diabetics can eat products with sodium cyclamate.

What is sodium cyclamate used for?

E 952 can be stored for a long time. It is also not destroyed by heat. Therefore it is suitable for cooking and baking. It is often used in mixtures to improve the sweetening power and taste. Cyclamate is also sold as table sweetener. This means that the additive is used, for example, as a sweetener for tea or coffee. It should be noted: The sweetness of sodium cyclamate disappears again quite quickly.

The additive is often used for energy-reduced, so-called light or diet products. However, it is only approved for certain foods, including:

  • sugar-free/reduced-energy desserts (based on eggs)
  • sugar-free/reduced-energy confectionery
  • sugar free/reduced energy drinks
  • Sugar-free/low-energy spreads (jam, jelly)
  • pastries
  • sugar-free or energy-reduced canned fruit/vegetables
  • dietary supplements

In addition, cyclamate plays a role in the cosmetics and pharmaceuticals industries.

Is Sodium Cyclamate Harmful?

Cyclamates, including sodium cyclamate, are mostly excreted unprocessed. However, intestinal bacteria can convert part of it into the degradation product cyclohexylamine. In animal experiments, this substance was held responsible for damage to the testicles and sperm.

However, there is no clear scientific evidence that E 952 is harmful to human health. The risk to humans is estimated to be low because the amount of the degradation product is also very small.

However, there is a recommended daily maximum (ADI value) of seven milligrams per body weight. Its use in certain food categories such as chewing gum and ice cream has been removed. This should ensure that the intake of sodium cyclamate remains below the ADI value.

You can reach this value quickly, especially with appropriately sweetened drinks. So: Read the ingredients information before you buy!

Losing weight with sodium cyclamate – is that possible?

Sodium cyclamate by itself has no calories. Often people who want to lose weight and therefore save calories choose products that contain sweeteners such as sodium cyclamate. However, it remains controversial whether these can really help with weight loss or rather have the opposite effect and make you (even) fatter in the long run.

Studies indicate that the sweet taste of sodium cyclamate and Co. releases insulin. If no real sugar is supplied, the blood sugar level drops again. The result: ravenous hunger and the energy saved by the sweetener is balanced or overcompensated by (excessive) eating.

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