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Sports injuries: These medicines help!

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 300 views

If injuries occur during sport, a well-stocked medicine chest with anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving agents will help. Therefore, certain medicines, creams and ointments belong in a good sports pharmacy . Read here what you should have in stock in it.

These medicines belong in the sports pharmacy!

Various medicines help with sports injuries such as bruises or sprains. Which medication makes sense in which cases depends on the location and type of injury.

  • Anti- inflammatory and pain-relieving: For example, ointments with the active ingredients ibuprofen, salicylic acid or diclofenac
  • Stimulates blood circulation: Creams or gels with heparin, heparinoids or hirudin ( caution! Preparations with these active ingredients must never get into open wounds or mucous membranes!)
  • Painkillers: preparations with the active ingredients acetylsalicylic acid, ibuprofen or paracetamol

Herbal active ingredients in ointments and creams as well as enzyme preparations (e.g. trypsin, chymotrypsin, bromelain) are also increasingly being used, which promise to alleviate sports injuries. Examples:

  • Aescin (from horse chestnuts): decongestant effect
  • Comfrey : For bruises, strains, sprains, contusions
  • Daisy: For bruises or sprains
  • White bryony: For overexertion of the muscles
  • Rue: For injuries to the connective tissue
  • Balaclava: For inflammation and muscle pain
  • Enzymes : For inflammations, acute swelling conditions, wounds

Medicines for pain and fever

Pain is not a disease, but a warning sign. This should be taken seriously and any unusual or prolonged pain should be discussed with your doctor. However, mild and temporary discomfort can be treated with over-the-counter painkillers yourself.

  • Acetylsalicylic acid: Has an analgesic effect (for mild to moderate pain), reduces fever, is anti-inflammatory and improves blood flow.
  • Paracetamol: Has an analgesic effect (for mild to moderately severe pain), reduces fever, has a weak anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Ibuprofen: has an analgesic effect (for mild to moderate pain), reduces fever, has an anti-inflammatory effect; also for rheumatic complaints.
  • Naproxen: Has an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect; also for painful swelling and inflammation after injuries.

With all self-medication painkillers, you must strictly pay attention to the correct dosage in order to avoid the risk of overdosing. In addition, you should only use the remedy for a few days and consult a doctor if the pain persists.

Help with sunburn and allergy

An allergy and sunburn have a lot in common: they go unnoticed and can completely spoil the fun of sport. Both problems are also treated similarly. One of the most common forms of allergy is pollen allergy.

For athletes who train in the fresh air, this means an enormous limitation because the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract swell. Hay fever is also accompanied by an annoying runny nose, since the mucous membranes produce a lot of watery secretion. There are also tormenting attacks of sneezing and sometimes threatening shortness of breath. Sunburn is a painful reaction of the skin to too much sunlight (UV-B content).

The first noticeable symptoms of sunburn are tingling or tightening of the skin. The affected areas become red, swell, and in some cases blisters.These medicines help with both hay fever and sunburn:

  • Antihistamines: They prevent allergic reactions that are mediated by the messenger substance histamine (e.g. itching and sneezing, watery nasal discharge); they also relieve symptoms of sunburn. In contrast to older preparations, antihistamines of the 2nd and 3rd generation hardly make you tired.
  • Agents containing cortisone: They reduce the hypersensitivity of the nose and reduce the production of nasal secretions. Applied externally, they relieve the painful skin reactions caused by sunburn.
  • Chromoglycic Acid: Reduces histamine release and thus various allergic reactions. It is used preventively, especially for hay fever.

Discuss the exact use of these medicines with a doctor or pharmacist! If you are allergic to bee, wasp or other insect stings, you should carry an emergency kit with you. It should contain a fast-acting antihistamine, a cortisone preparation and adrenaline for inhalation. Otherwise a life-threatening situation can quickly arise due to an allergic shock.

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