Home Sports and Fitness Tennis: Everything you need to know about the sport!

Tennis: Everything you need to know about the sport!

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 319 views

Tennis experienced a boom in Germany in the 1990s that continues to this day. People regularly grab their rackets and exchange blows on tennis courts and in halls. Here you can find out exactly what tennis is, how it works and how it promotes health.

Tennis – what is it?

Tennis players have been competing against each other for 800 years. The white sport originated in the 13th century in monastic courtyards in northern France. The game spread to Scotland in the 15th century and became a popular sport in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Englishman Walter C. Wingfield had lawn tennis patented in 1874 and established rules for the first time. At the first championships in Wimbledon (London) in July 1877, the rules that are still valid today were created.

In Germany, tennis experienced a boom in the 1990s with Steffi Graf and Boris Becker that continues to this day. Millions of Germans regularly pick up a bat themselves. Around 1.4 million are members of the German Tennis Association (DTB), which claims to be the largest tennis association in the world. A small group of DTB members are tournament players. For the majority, however, the white sport is pure leisure fun.

Whether professional or amateur league – tennis is a sociable sport on a small scale: in singles, two players compete against each other, in doubles it is 2 x 2 players.

When tennis players chase the ball in an outdoor match, they most often do so on red clay, plastic-coated concrete (hard courts), or grass. Velor carpet is used as a floor covering in tennis halls.

A tennis match does not necessarily have to take place on the sports field or in the hall – at least not for amateurs. You can also play tennis on the street or on the beach. And if you like swinging a racket as much as standing on two boards, you should try ski tennis, a combination of tennis and giant slalom. Of course, athletes compete in the two disciplines one after the other. The points scored on the slopes and on the tennis court then result in the overall ranking.

Tennis: equipment

In earlier centuries, athletes had to lend a hand during the game, that is, their own palm served as a racket. At first it was played with bare hands. To make things less painful, players eventually took to wrapping strips of leather around their hands. Later gloves came into fashion and then leather or cork balls.

The first tennis rackets with wooden frames and strings appeared around 1550. In the 1970s, manufacturers switched to lighter materials such as aluminum, plastics and graphite. Modern racquets are mostly made of graphite and carbon fibers, reinforced with titanium braids. Synthetic fibers are usually used for the stringing, more rarely natural gut strings.

Racquets used in competitions must meet strict sizing and stringing requirements set by the International Tennis Federation (ITF). There are also precise guidelines for balls – right down to the color! Only white and yellow are allowed, although in Wimbledon & Co almost only yellow balls have been flying over the net for several years, mainly at the request of television: viewers can follow a flying yellow dot on the screen more easily than a white one.

Tennis – the rules

In tennis there are singles, doubles and mixed. In singles, one player plays on each side of the field, in doubles and mixed, two players play on each side – a total of four – players.

The aim of the game is to score more sets than your opponent. Two sentences will suffice. A tennis match usually consists of three sets – some major tournaments are exceptions. A set usually consists of six games – but if there is a tie or a small lead, these are increased. To claim a game you need to score points. You get a point if the opponent can no longer validly play the ball back – this means the ball does not land in your validly marked area of ​​the field. For doubles and mixed, the valid field is correspondingly larger than for singles.

A player plays the ball either directly out of the air, but at the latest after the first contact with the ground.

Every game for a point begins with the serve, also called service. The service is always behind the base line in the front, diagonally opposite field. The person serving only enters the field from the moment the ball hits the ground. If the ball does not hit the legal service area, he has a second try. If the server fails, the opponent gets a point. It’s called a double fault.

Health aspects of tennis

Compared to other disciplines such as squash or football, sports injuries in tennis are relatively rare. A regular exchange of blows across the network is even good for your health. Tennis players have lower body fat percentage, better blood lipid levels and are generally more physically fit – all of which combine to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, regular tennis keeps your bones strong, even if you only start playing in middle age.

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