Home Healthy Eating Yellow orange S (E 110): Use and concern

Yellow orange S (E 110): Use and concern

by Josephine Andrews
Published: Last Updated on 140 views

It’s in ice cream, processed cheese and jams: with the help of the artificial coloring E 110 , food chemists color food yellowish-orange. Therefore it is also called yellow orange S or sunset yellow. Find out more about the additive E 110 here and whether and for whom it can be harmful.

E 110 – what is that?

Yellow FCF S is chemically synthesized in several stages. This process is called “azo coupling”, which is why E 110 is one of the so-called azo dyes. There are a good 2,000 of these; in addition to E 110, the yellow coloring tartrazine (E 102), the substances that give a red color to snacks and processed cheese, azorubine (E 122) and cochineal red A (E 124), brown FK (E 154), which is used in smoked herring, for example, and Braun HT (E 155), which is used in sweets and condiments.

E 110 mainly consists of coloring (disodium 2-hydroxy-1-(4-sulfophenylazo)naphthalene-6-sulfonate) and sodium chloride and/or sodium sulfate as the main colorless components. The suffix “S” after the term sunset yellow represents the sodium salt, which is isolated from the compound and dried. E 110 is water-soluble and colour-fast even at high temperatures and in an acidic environment – ​​only ascorbic acid ( vitamin C ) has a decolorizing effect.

Where is E 110 used?

Yellow Orange S is often mixed with other dyes to obtain different shades of yellow or brown. It may only be used in certain foods and in a precisely defined amount; E 110 is prohibited in organic food products. For example, the following products often contain this dye:

  • flavored processed cheese
  • effervescent powder
  • pudding, ice cream
  • cakes, biscuits, confectionery
  • jams, marmalades
  • spirits
  • Meat/fish substitutes made from vegetable protein
  • Salmon Substitute, Surimi
  • Snacks made from potatoes and cereals (salted)
  • Mustard

E 110 is also used to color cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and textiles.

Is yellow orange S questionable?

Yellow Orange S is classified as questionable. Dyes such as E 110 can trigger so-called pseudo-allergies in people who are predisposed to this. These are intolerance reactions that cause similar drastic symptoms as allergies, but without the involvement of the immune system. These include, for example, hives, asthma or skin edema.

The dyes are also suspected of causing hyperactivity and attention deficit disorders (ADHD) in children. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has therefore reduced the acceptable daily intake from four to one milligram of sunset yellow FCF per kilogram of body weight.

Since July 20, 2010, the EU regulation on food additives has stipulated a warning on the packaging of all foods with synthetic coloring (azo colorings): “May impair the activity and attention of children”.

However, if you want to be on the safe side and avoid E 110 and other azo dyes, you cannot avoid checking the lists of ingredients carefully – and then leaving the product on the shelf.

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